The Duties of Parents – Part I
J. C. Ryle
First Printed in 1888
"Train up a child in the way he should go;
and when he is old, he will not depart from it"
– Prov. 22:6.
I SUPPOSE that most professing Christians are acquainted with the text at the head of this page. The sound of it is
probably familiar to your ears, like an old tune. It is likely you have heard it, or read it, talked of it, or quoted it, many a time. Is it not so?
But, after all, how little is the substance of this text regarded! The doctrine it contains
appears scarcely known, the duty it puts before us seems fearfully seldom practised. Reader, do I not speak the truth?
It cannot be said that the subject is a new one. The world is old, and we have the experience of nearly six
thousand years to help us. We live in days when there is a mighty zeal for education in every quarter. We hear of new schools rising on
all sides. We are told of new systems, and new books for the young, of every sort and description. And still for all this, the vast majority
of children are manifestly not trained in the way they should go, for when they grow up to man's estate, they do not walk with God.
Now how shall we account for this state of things? The plain truth is, the Lord's
commandment in our text is not regarded; and therefore the Lord's promise in our text is not fulfilled.
Reader, these things may well give rise to great searchings of heart. Suffer then a word of exhortation from a minister,
about the right training of children. Believe me, the subject is one that should come home to every conscience,
and make every one ask himself the question, "Am I in this matter doing what I can?"
It is a subject that concerns almost all. There is hardly a household that it does not touch. Parents, nurses, teachers,
godfathers, godmothers, uncles, aunts, brothers, sisters, – all have an interest in it. Few can be found, I think,
who might not influence some parent in the management of his family, or affect the training of some child by suggestion or advice.
All of us, I suspect, can do something here, either directly or indirectly, and I wish to stir up all to bear this in remembrance.
It is a subject, too, on which all concerned are in great danger of coming short of their duty. This is pre-eminently a point in which
men can see the faults of their neighbours more clearly than their own. They will often bring up their children in the very path which
they have denounced to their friends as unsafe. They will see motes in other men's families, and overlook beams in their own. They will
be quicksighted as eagles in detecting mistakes abroad, and yet blind as bats to fatal errors which are daily going on at home. They
will be wise about their brother's house, but foolish about their own flesh and blood. Here, if anywhere, we have need to suspect our
own judgment. This, too, you will do well to bear in mind. (As a minister, I cannot help remarking that there is hardly any subject
about which people seem so tenacious as they are about their children. I have sometimes been perfectly astonished at the slowness of
sensible Christian parents to allow that their own children are in fault, or deserve blame. There are not a few persons to whom
I would far rather speak about their own sins, than tell them their children had done anything wrong.)
Come now, and let me place before you a few hints about right training. God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Ghost bless them,
and make them words in season to you all. Reject them not because they are blunt and simple; despise them not because they contain
nothing new. Be very sure, if you would train children for heaven, they are hints that ought not to be lightly set aside.
I. First, then, if you would train your children rightly, train them in the way they should go, and not in the way that they would.
Remember children are born with a decided bias towards evil, and therefore if you let them choose for themselves, they are certain to choose wrong.
The mother cannot tell what her tender infant may grow up to be, – tall or short, weak or strong, wise or foolish: he may be any of these things
or not, – it is all uncertain. But one thing the mother can say with certainty: he will have a corrupt and sinful heart. It is natural to
us to do wrong. "Foolishness," says Solomon, "is bound in the heart of a child" (Prov. 22:15). "A child
left to himself bringeth his mother to shame" (Prov. 29:15). Our hearts are like the earth on which we tread; let it alone, and it is sure to bear weeds.
If, then, you would deal wisely with your child, you must not leave him to the guidance of his own will. Think for him, judge for him, act for him,
just as you would for one weak and blind; but for pity's sake, give him not up to his own wayward tastes and inclinations. It must not be his
likings and wishes that are consulted. He knows not yet what is good for his mind and soul, any more than what is good for his body. You do not let
him decide what he shall eat, and what drink, and how he shall be clothed. Be consistent, and deal with his mind in like manner. Train him in the
way that is scriptural and right, and not in the way that he fancies.
If you cannot make up your mind to this first principle of Christian training, it is useless for you to read any further. Self-will is
almost the first thing that appears in a child's mind; and it must be your first step to resist it.
II. Train up your child with all tenderness, affection, and patience.
I do not mean that you are to spoil him, but I do mean that you should let him see that you
Love should be the silver thread that runs through all your conduct. Kindness, gentleness, long-suffering, forbearance, patience,
sympathy, a willingness to enter into childish troubles, a readiness to take part in childish joys, – these are the cords by
which a child may be led most easily, – these are the clues you must follow if you would find the way to his heart.
Few are to be found, even among grown-up people, who are not more easy to draw than to drive. There is that in all our minds which
rises in arms against compulsion; we set up our backs and stiffen our necks at the very idea of a forced obedience. We are like
young horses in the hand of a breaker: handle them kindly, and make much of them, and by and by you may guide them with thread;
use them roughly and violently, and it will be many a month before you get the mastery of them at all.
Now children's minds are cast in much the same mould as our own. Sternness and severity of manner chill them and throw them back.
It shuts up their hearts, and you will weary yourself to find the door. But let them only see that you have an affectionate feeling
towards them, – that you are really desirous to make them happy, and do them good, – that if you punish them, it is intended
for their profit, and that, like the pelican, you would give your heart's blood to nourish their souls; let them see this, I say,
and they will soon be all your own. But they must be wooed with kindness, if their attention is ever to be won.
And surely reason itself might teach us this lesson. Children are weak and tender creatures, and, as such, they need patient and
considerate treatment. We must handle them delicately, like frail. machines, lest by rough fingering we do more harm than good.
They are like young plants, and need gentle watering, – often, but little at a time.
We must not expect all things at once. We must remember what children are, and teach them as they are able to bear. Their minds
are like a lump of metal – not to be forged and made useful at once, but only by a succession of little blows. Their
understandings are like narrow-necked vessels: we must pour in the wine of knowledge gradually, or much of it will be spilled and lost.
"Line upon line, and precept upon precept, here a little and there a little," must be our rule. The whetstone does its work slowly,
but frequent rubbing will bring the scythe to a fine edge. Truly there is need of patience in training a child, but without it nothing can be done.
Nothing will compensate for the absence of this tenderness and love. A minister may speak the truth as it is in Jesus, clearly, forcibly,
unanswerably; but if he does not speak it in love, few souls will be won. Just so you must set before your children their duty, – command,
threaten, punish, reason, – but if affection be wanting in your treatment, your labour will be all in vain.
Love is one grand secret of successful training. Anger and harshness may frighten, but they will not persuade the child that you are right;
and if he sees you often out of temper, you will soon cease to have his respect. A father who speaks to his son as Saul did to Jonathan
(I Sam. 20:30), need not expect to retain his influence over that son's mind.
Try hard to keep up a hold on your child's affections. It is a dangerous
thing to make your children afraid of you. Anything is almost better than
reserve and constraint between your child and yourself; and this will come in
with fear. Fear puts an end to openness of manner; – fear leads to
concealment; – fear sows the seed of much hypocrisy, and
leads to many a lie. There is a mine of truth in the Apostle's words to the Colossians:
"Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged"
(Col. 3:21). Let not the advice it contains be overlooked.
III. Train your children with an abiding persuasion on your mind that much depends upon you.
Grace is the strongest of all principles. See what a revolution grace effects
when it comes into the heart of an old sinner, – how it overturns the
strongholds of Satan, – how it casts down mountains, fills up
valleys, – makes crooked things straight, – and new creates the whole
man. Truly nothing is impossible to grace.
Nature, too, is very strong. See how it struggles
against the things of the
kingdom of God, – how it fights against every attempt to be more
holy, – how it keeps up an unceasing warfare within us to the last hour of
life. Nature indeed is strong.
But after nature and grace, undoubtedly, there is nothing more powerful than education.
Early habits (if I may so speak) are everything with us, under God. We
are made what we are by training. Our character takes the form of that mould
into which our first years are cast.
We depend, in a vast measure, on those who bring us up.
We get from them a colour, a taste, a bias which cling to us more or less all our lives. We catch
the language of our nurses and mothers, and learn to speak it almost
insensibly, and unquestionably we catch something of their manners, ways, and
mind at the same time. Time only will show, I suspect, how much we all owe to
early impressions, and how many things in us may be traced up to seeds sown in
the days of our very infancy, by those who were about us. A very learned
Englishman, Mr. Locke, has gone so far as to say: "That of all the men we
meet with, nine parts out of ten are what they are, good or bad, useful or not,
according to their education."
And all this is one of God's merciful arrangements. He gives your children
a mind that will receive impressions like moist clay. He gives them a
disposition at the starting-point of life to believe what you tell them, and to
take for granted what you advise them, and to trust your word rather than a
stranger's. He gives you, in short, a golden opportunity of doing them
good. See that the opportunity be not neglected, and thrown away. Once let
slip, it is gone for ever.
Beware of that miserable delusion into which some have fallen, – that parents can do nothing for their children, that you must
leave them alone, wait for grace, and sit still. These persons have wishes for their children in
Balaam's fashion, – they would like them to
die the death of the righteous man, but they do nothing to make them live his
life. They desire much, and have nothing. And the devil rejoices to see such
reasoning, just as he always does over anything which seems to excuse
indolence, or to encourage neglect of means.
I know that you cannot convert your child. I know well that they who are born
again are born, not of the will of man, but of God. But I know also that God
says expressly, "Train up a child in the way he should go,"
and that He never laid a command on man which He would not give man grace to perform.
And I know, too, that our duty is not to stand still and dispute, but to go
forward and obey. It is just in the going forward that God will meet us. The
path of obedience is the way in which He gives the blessing. We have only to do
as the servants were commanded at the marriage feast in Cana, to fill the
water-pots with water, and we may safely leave it to the Lord to turn that water into wine.
IV. Train with this thought continually before your eyes – that the soul of your child is the first thing to be considered.
Precious, no doubt, are these little ones in your eyes; but if you love them,
think often of their souls. No interest should weigh with you so much as their
eternal interests. No part of them should be so dear to you as that part which
will never die. The world, with all its glory, shall pass away; the hills shall
melt; the heavens shall be wrapped together as a scroll; the sun shall cease to
shine. But the spirit which dwells in those little creatures, whom you love so
well, shall outlive them all, and whether in happiness or misery (to speak as a man) will depend on you.
This is the thought that should be uppermost on your
mind in all you do for your children. In every step you take about them, in
every plan, and scheme, and arrangement that concerns them, do not leave out
that mighty question, "How will this affect their souls?"
Soul love is the soul of all love. To pet and pamper and indulge your child, as
if this world was all he had to look to, and this life the only season for
happiness – to do this is not true love, but cruelty. It is treating him
like some beast of the earth, which has but one world to look
to, and nothing after death. It is hiding from him that grand truth, which he
ought to be made to learn from his very infancy, – that the chief end of his
life is the salvation of his soul.
A true Christian must be no slave to fashion, if he would train his child for
heaven. He must not be content to do things merely because they are the custom
of the world; to teach them and instruct them in certain ways, merely because
it is usual; to allow them to read books of a questionable sort, merely because
everybody else reads them; to let them form habits of a doubtful tendency,
merely because they are the habits of the day. He must train with an eye to
his children's souls. He must not be ashamed to hear his training called
singular and strange. What if it is? The time is short, – the fashion of
this world passeth away. He that has trained his children for heaven, rather
than for earth, – for God, rather than for man, – he is the parent that
will be called wise at last.
Back to text
1 He has seen but little of life who does not discern everywhere the effect of
education on men's opinions and habits of thinking. The children bring out
of the nursery that which displays itself throughout their lives." – Cecil